Acid Violation In Bangladesh

Acid throwing is a barbaric fact in Bangladesh which causes to damage many valuable life..

Tina S
Tina S
Jan 17, 2010
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Acid throwing or vitriolage is a form of violent assault. In Bangladesh Acid throwing on girls and women is rising day by day. 

Gender discrimination is the main cause of this dangerous crime in Bangladesh. Male are the top of society and females are placed at the bottom. From the childhood a male child can come to know that women are not so important in society and anything can be done with them. Women are weak and ignorable in society in Bangladesh. 

Acid violence is a relatively recent phenomenon, with the first documented acid violence case occurring in 1967. The growing number of acid assaults in Bangladesh reflects an epidemic of gender violence and is a reaction to women's advancing economic and social status.


The major victim of attacked is Women(47%) and Men(26%). Children (27%) could not escape from the attack. Sometimes domestic animals or birds are also victimized. The majority of the victims are women, and many of them are below 18 years of age. 

It is estimated that there are over 200 acid mutilations each year in Bangladesh.


Throwing acid on others' face and body to cause grievous injuries is a barbaric act of vengeance. 

For the last few years, it has been on the rise in both urban and rural areas of Bangladesh. The perpetrators are mostly men and adolescent boys. The victims are girls and young females. 

When acid is thrown on a person, the results can be horrifying. Nitric, hydrochloric, or sulfuric acids all have a catastrophic effect on human flesh. It causes the skin tissue to melt, often exposing the bones below the flesh, sometimes even dissolving the bone. When acid attacks the eyes, it damages these vital organs permanently. Many acid attack survivors have lost the use of one or both eyes. The victim is traumatized physically, psychologically and socially.

Nitric or sulphuric acid has a catastrophic effect on human flesh. It causes the skin tissue to melt, often exposing the bones below the flesh, sometimes even dissolving the bone. When acid attacks the eyes, it damages them permanently. Many acid attacks survivors have lost the use of one or both eyes.

Victims of acid are bearing a miserable life. They have to give up their education, their occupation and many important things in their life.

Social isolation, fear of further attacks, and insecurity damage their self-esteem and confidence. Illiteracy, poverty, threats to further retribution, and ignorance about legal support increase their miseries. 

Women who have survived acid attacks have great difficulty in finding work and if unmarried, as many victims tend to be, they have very little chance of ever getting married, which in a country like Bangladesh is socially isolating. 


  • The reasons for attacks are illegal offers from man and refusal of marriage proposal.
  • Dominating character of male partners in Bangladesh can be a reason of this horrible fact. 
  • However, there have been acid attacks on children, older women and sometimes also men. These attacks are often the result of family or land disputes, dowry demands or a desire for revenge.
  • Cheap and easy availability of acids makes it the most effective weapon for man to use against girls' or young women's faces to prove that they have no right to deny a man's proposal and is one of the extreme forms of repression and violation of women's right. 


Acid throwing has become so prevalent in Bangladeshi society that there is now a special hospital and rehabilitation centre for victims, in the capital city of Dhaka. The centre is run by a charity called the Acid Survivors Foundation.

Although acid violence was initially thought to be a problem endemic to Bangladesh, it is becoming increasingly identified in other South Asian countries. This is consistent with a broader sphere of gender violence. In India, 174 cases were reported in 2000, a per capita incidence of about 1/15 that of Bangladesh, but an absolute number approaching those of Bangladesh.It has been detected also in Pakistan, Nepal, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Laos. 

Long delays in medical care have hampered recovery for most past victims, and, once provided, the medicine was very limited in scope.

Acid Survivors Foundation (ASF) has proposed an international workshop for early 2002 to bring NGO and government leaders together to collaborate on a regional effort to combat acid violence.

The ASF has been instrumental in establishing a response network that utilizes float-planes and other NGO resources to ensure that victims receive treatment at Dhaka Medical College within three days of the attack and at no cost to the victim or his/her family.

-it started in the 80's and is still going on

-few hospitals with a burn unit

-the first one was created in the 90's in the Dhaka Medical College Hospital. it only had 8 bed and 3 plastic surgeons. 

-right now there's only a few facilities available

-at first it was about 200 victims per year

-when it reached 500 the death penalty was introduced.

-there have been acid attacks on children, older women and also men due to the property related disputes or a desire for revenge.

-in average only 10 percents of the perpetrators are convicted. 

How to help:

1.Donate Blood

2.Donate medicines, medical equipment

3.Impart medical skills and training

4.Sponsor medical treatment at home and abroad

5.Support the expenses of a survivor and take care of medical/social needs

6.Creative employment opportunities at private and government levels

7.Give vocational training

8.Donate household items e.g. clothes, furniture, bedding, crockery etc. needed for the survivors.

9.Raise awareness about all forms of violence against women and acid throwing in your location/area


Acid violence is a horrible chapter in the book of human rights abuses in Bangladesh. The NGO efforts launched in the 1990s have led to significant gains in public awareness campaigns and medical treatment, as well as contributed to the creation of an environment of concern, sympathy, and compassion. One especially positive aspect of efforts against acid violence is that Bangladeshis, especially women, have been a strong driving force against them.

All people should raise their voice against this crime and remove this from Bangladesh.



Keywords: Acid,Bangladesh,throwing,barbaric,victim,nitric,social isolation,refusal marriage,treatment,recovery,Acid Survivors Foundation (ASF),dhaka medical college,burn,survivor,raise awarenness,stop acid.

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