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History Of Nazi Party

The National Socialist German Workers' Party

Tina S
Tina S
Feb 7, 2010
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The National Socialist German Workers' Party (abbreviated NSDAP from German), commonly known in English, in short, as the Nazi Party, It was a political party in Germany between 1919 and 1945. It was known as the German Workers' Party (DAP) before the name was changed in 1920. Hitler joined the DAP in September 1919.

The party's last leader, Adolf Hitler, was appointed Chancellor of Germany by President Paul von Hindenburg in 1933. Hitler rapidly established a totalitarian regime known as the Third Reich. The most merciless and cruel party in the world, was under the role of Adolf Hitler, their violence remained a deep gash in the western world history.

National Socialist German Workers Party founded in 1919 on fascist principles and dominant from 1933 to 1945 in Germany. The party's principles were essentially antidemocratic and racist.Hitler borrowed considerably from the Italian Fascist and Soviet Communist Systems, but the Nazi pseudoscientific racist theories were original German contributions. In the past storm troopers and communists had contested the streets on fairly equal terms. Now, three days after the formation of Hitler's cabinet, communist meeting were banned in Prussia.

Nazi Formed:

World War I ended in 1918 with a grisly total of 37 million casualties, including 9 million dead combatants. German propaganda had not prepared the nation for defeat, resulting in a sense of injured German national pride. Those military and political leaders who were responsible claimed that Germany had been "stabbed in the back" by its leftwing politicians, Communists, and Jews. When a new government, the Weimar Republic, tried to establish a democratic course, extreme political parties from both the right and the left struggled violently for control. The new regime could neither handle the depressed economy nor the rampant lawlessness and disorder.

Philosophy:

Nazi ideology stressed the failure of democracy, failure of capitalism, racial purity of the German people, and persecuted those it perceived either as race enemies or those defined as "life unworthy of living". This included Jews, Slavs, and Roma, the mentally disabled, communists and others. To carry out these beliefs, the party and the German state which it controlled organized the systematic murder of approximately six million Jews and five million other people from the aforementioned and other groups, in what has become known as the Holocaust.

The Nazis' strongest appeal was to the lower middle-class – farmers, public servants, teachers, small businessmen – who had suffered most from the inflation of the 1920s and who feared Bolshevism more than anything else. The small business class were receptive to Hitler's anti-Semitism, since they blamed Jewish big business for their economic problems.

Members:

Any member of the German people who has a clean record, who is of pure German blood, who does not belong to a Freemason's lodge or any related organization, and who has completed his 21st year (in some cases his 18th) can become a member of the NSDAP.

Anyone who becomes a party member . . . obligates himself to subordinate his own ego and to place everything he has in the service of the peoples' cause . . . Readiness to fight, readiness to sacrifice, and strength of character are the requirements for a good National Socialist . .

As matter of principle younger applicants for admission is to be shown preference . . . Male applicants under 25 years of age must show proof that they have completed their military service. . .
Only those racial comrades are eligible for admission who possess German citizenship . . . Clergymen and other persons who have strong denominational connections cannot be admitted . . . Former members of the French Foreign Legion also cannot be admitted.

The application must be refused in all cases where:

(a) The marriage partner of the applicant is not free from Jewish or colored racial admixture; . . .
(b) The applicant has belonged to a Freemason's lodge or similar organization (Odd Fellows, Druid Order, etc.) or to any secret society . . .
(f) The applicant suffers from a hereditary illness, as defined by the law of July 14, 1933 for the prevention of the procreation of congenitally unhealthy elements . . .

The ideal proportion of the number of party members and the number of racial comrades in the Greater German Reich is set at 10 percent.

The National Socialist commandments:

• The Fuehrer is always right!
• Never go against discipline!
• Don't buy from Jews!
• Spare the health of the party members and speakers and refrain voluntarily from smoking at the meetings . . .

It is forbidden to all party members to engage in discussions of foreign policy with foreigners. Only such persons as have been designated by the Fuehrer are entitled to do so.

Hitler became the leader:

Adolf Hitler joined this small political party in 1919 and rose to leadership through his emotional and captivating speeches.

He encouraged national pride, militarism, and a commitment to the Volk and a racially "pure" Germany. Hitler condemned the Jews, exploiting antisemitic feelings that had prevailed in Europe for centuries. He changed the name of the party to the National Socialist German Workers' Party, called for short, the Nazi Party (or NSDAP). By the end of 1920, the Nazi Party had about 3,000 members. A year later Hitler became its official leader, or Führer.

Adolf Hitler's attempt at an armed overthrow of local authorities in Munich, known as the Beer Hall Putsch , failed miserably. The Nazi Party seemed doomed to fail and its leaders, including Hitler, were subsequently jailed and charged with high treason.

After Hitler was released from prison, he formally resurrected the Nazi Party. Hitler began rebuilding and reorganizing the Party, waiting for an opportune time to gain political power in Germany. The Conservative military hero Paul von Hindenburg was elected president in 1925, and Germany stabilized.

Hitler skillfully maneuvered through Nazi Party politics and emerged as the sole leader. The Führerprinzip, or leader principle, established Hitler as the one and only to whom Party members swore loyalty unto death. Final decision making rested with him, and his strategy was to develop a highly centralized and structured party that could compete in Germany's future elections. Hitler hoped to create a bureaucracy which he envisioned as "the germ of the future state."

By 1929, the Nazi party had approximately 130,000 members. The Nazis gained support by implanting the idea that the ongoing financial crisis, which saw unemployment rise and businesses fail was due to Jewish financiers, building on existing anti-semitism.

In the election of 1930, however, the Nazis, propelled by Germany's economic problems in the incipient Great Depression increased their vote dramatically, becoming the second largest party in the Reichstag. It improved its position in the years thereafter, despite a brief ban in 1932 of the S.A (the party's private army) and in the elections of 1932 the party reached a total of 13.75 million votes and became the largest voting bloc in the Reichstag.

With over 400,000 party members, Hitler was appointed Chancellor. Once in office, he quickly secured almost unlimited power through manipulation and terror, though he remained publicly respectful to the president, Paul Von Hindenburg. When the latter died in 1934 Hitler became Fuhrer. Governmental practice was changed, with a law being passed which allowed the Nazis to pass laws without parliamentary approval. They later banned all other political parties, turning Germany into a one-party state.

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