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Lifestyle Of Panda

The Giant Panda is an endangered species, threatened by continued habitat loss and by a very low birthrate, both in the wild and in captivity.

Tina S
Tina S
Apr 26, 2010
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Among the shyest and rarest of wild animals, the bear-faced panda, with its black and white coat and prominent black eye markings, is one of the world's best-known mammals. 

Facts about the Giant Panda. Only found in china, the giant panda is a solitary animal that feeds primarily on bamboo and, occasionally, the carcasses of small mammals.

Habitat:

The giant panda usually lives alone and scatters among the thick forest of bamboos, thus given another name "the recluse in the forest of bamboos." The forests are very thick and the pandas are generally hidden from view, so it has been hard for scientists to learn about them. This lack of knowledge adds to the difficulty of saving the pandas.

However, in warm spring when flowers bloom, the pandas come out of their kingdoms and chase after the love. They may pursue each other, and then fall in love and get "married".

Food and feeding:

About 99% of the Giant Panda's food is bamboo, though it also eats grass, roots, plants and even meat. Bamboo is actually a type of grass that grows as tall as trees. Although there are hundreds of kinds of bamboo, the Giant Panda eats only 4 or 5 kinds. It is estimated that a Giant Panda can chew more than 3,500 stalks of bamboo a day. Even though bamboo is about half water, pandas also need to drink fresh water from rivers and streams every day.

Physical Structure:

These black-and-white bears stand between 27 and 31 inches tall at the shoulder and reach five feet tall when standing. Males are larger than females. .An adult's body length usually measures between 120 and 190cm and its tail length is between 10 and 20cm.

An adult panda weights between 85 and 125kg. The habitat of giant panda is characterized by bamboo stands under coniferous, broad-leafed and mixed forest at altitudes between 1200 and 3400 m.

Life Cycle:

Baby pandas are very small when they are born, weighing about 120 grams. The mother holds the new baby in a similar way to a human, cradling it in her arms. The baby panda's eyes open after about 40 days. At one month old the black markings can be seen on their pink skin.

At three months old the young pandas are furry, black and white miniatures of their parents. They crawl when they are about 3-4 months old. At 7 months, a young panda weighs about 9 kilograms, runs and climbs trees, and has started eating bamboo. At about 18 months, it weighs about 55 kilograms, and will soon leave its mother.

Skillful Tree Climbers:

Giant Pandas are skillful tree-climbers. This skill protects them from their natural enemies and provides convenience to their sun bathing, playing, courting and mating.

Although giant pandas look fat, they are good tree-climbers because this is an instinct inherited from their carnivore ancestors. This capability helps in hunting and running from dangers. Young giant pandas particularly enjoy climbing trees.

Special life:

People still have doubts on why giant pandas choose to live on bamboos. From an ecological perspective, the specialized eating habit of the giant pandas shows that their ecological niche is very narrow, and they avoid competition by compressing the niche (compressing the width of their range food). 

The giant pandas just live on the food that is distributed most extensively in the North Temperate Zone, which is not nutritious but abundant and steady in reserve to live on till now, so that people think that pandas are the "winners" who can stand the long test in the evolution process, but pandas have lost the sense of competition and curiosity, so they are observing the convention and holding themselves together in the fate that has a bleak prospect. 

In the specialization, the giant pandas live on the bamboos that are low in nutrition and energy. In order to live, they try their best to reduce their range of activities, to exercise less and to rest more in order to save the energy.

Time Schedule:

Because the energy in the bamboo is very low, in order to reduce the energy consumed as much as possible, the giant pandas mainly spend their time in looking for food and resting. After eating and drinking, they will sleep after climbing to the high branches where it is safe and cool.  Sometimes, the pandas will be too sleepy to climb into the trees, so they will sleep on the grass, in the snow field, or on the rocks.  They can go on to look for food after having a nap.

The everyday time schedule of a giant panda could be like,

00:00-02:00 Sleep   02:00-07:40 Breakfast   07:40-10:30 Morning Sleep 

10:30-11:00 Playing   11:00-12:00 Lunch   12:00-14:30 Noon Break

14:30-21:00 Supper   21:00-24:00 Evening Break

So every day they spend 54.86 % of time in looking for food, 43.06% of time for rest, but only 2.08% of time for play.

Conservation Status:

Giant Pandas are classified as Endangered because the bamboo forests are being cleared for farming. Different types of bamboo die off every 40 to 100 years and because of the clearing, there are fewer types of bamboo left. Pandas often starve when the bamboo dies off. In the past they were hunted for their fur or were trained as performing circus animals. Giant Pandas are now protected by law.

In China, research and breeding centers have been set up and are trying to breed them to increase their numbers. This is a very slow and difficult process, and so far the success is limited. There are now over 30 giant panda reserves in China, protecting about 50% of the panda habitat.

More information:

The giant panda has larger molar teeth than any other mammal.

The giant panda spends 16 hours a day eating, in which time it digests only a small portion of the food.

The giant panda was unknown in the Western world until 1869.

The panda's stumplike tail is used to spread secretions produced by the scent glands, which are located beneath the tail, onto the surrounding area.

The panda's hearing is so acute that it can detect even the most stealthy predators.

 


 

Keywords: panda,lifestyle,solitary animal,habitat,climbing,china,success,nature,bamboo,grass,temperate zone,nutrition,nutrition,time, schedule, conservation.



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