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2. Ramadhaan, the Month of Barakah

Series on Ramadan Preparation, ‘A Month of Barakah’

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Jul 19, 2011
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Religion


2. Ramadhaan, The Month of Barakah

Bismillah,

Allah ʹazza wa jall says,

“The month of Ramadhaan in which the Qur’an was revealed, guidance for people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever is present for the month let him fast through it. Anyone ill or on a journey (who does not fast) should make up an equal number days (outside Ramadhaan). Allah wants ease for you and does not want hardship for you so that you complete the period and glorify Allah for what he guided you and perhaps you will be grateful”. [Surah al‐Baqarah, Ayah 185]

In these ayat from the Qur’an Allah ʹazza wa jall tells us the importance of the month of Ramadhaan. One of the greatest favours he has given us is the Qur’an a guide and criterion between right and wrong.

Ramadhaan is a month of mercy and blessings for the believers. It is a season for worship, generosity and kindness. It is an occasion to become closer to Allah and strengthen the relationship with him. There are plenty of opportunities to please Allah ʹazza wa jall. Ramadhaan is the month to revive and strengthen Eemaan, our Eemaan increases and decreases. The sign of strong Eemaan is the amount of worship one does. The doors of mercy are wide open and the doors of Allah’s punishment are firmly closed. The forces of evil, shayateen are chained up. Nothing stands between us and success except our following of desires.

Abu Hurayrah radhiAllahu `anhu narrated that Allah’s Messenger sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam said, “When Ramadhaan comes the doors of Jannah are firmly opened and the doors of the fire are firmly closed and the shayateen are chained.” (al‐Bukhari and Muslim)

Once the Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam said to the Sahabah radhiAllahu `anhum, “Ramadhaan has come, a blessed month, Allah has made it obligatory for you to fast… (an‐Nasai and al‐Baihaqi)

Ramadhaan is not just about hungry days and long nights in the Masjid. It is not an excuse for laziness or weakness. To the contrary it is a time for strength and to exert one’s effort in the worship of Allah. Two of the greatest victories for Muslims happened in Ramadhaan, the victory at Badr and the conquest of Makkah, the centre of the Muslim world and the focus of Muslims through out the world.

The real purpose of Ramadhaan is to come out a better person at the end of the month. Ramadhaan cleans away the sins that may have accumulated over the year. At the end of the month a Muslim should hope to be forgiven and saved from the hellfire. There are several ways of achieving forgiveness, through fasting, praying at night, reading the Qur’an, feeding the poor,
and so on.

The Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam said, “Whoever fasts in Ramadhaan with Eemaan and seeking reward (from Allah) his past sins will be forgiven”. (al‐Bukhari and Muslim)

The Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam is also reported to have said, “Whoever prays during Ramadhaan with Eemaan and seeking reward (from Allah) his past sins will be forgiven”. (al‐Bukhari and Muslim)

To achieve forgiveness through these actions two conditions must be met:

1. Complete and truthful Eemaan
2. A desire for the reward from Allah ʹazza wa jall

Siyam

Fasting doesn’t only involve going hungry for the day. The objective of fasting is to gain Taqwaa, piety, by doing what Allah commands and keeping away from what He forbids. Fasting means avoiding all that is forbidden, avoiding looking at haraam, listening to haraam, speaking haraam, etc. Otherwise the only gain from fasting is hunger and thirst. The Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam said, “Perhaps someone fasting, his share is hunger and thirst”. (al‐Hakim and Ibn Khuzaymah)

The Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam said, “Whoever does not abandon false words and deeds Allah has no need for him to leave his food and drink”. (al‐Bukhari)

One of the Salaf said, “The easiest fast is keeping away from food and drink”. Jabir said, “When you fast let you hearing sight and tongue abstain from lying and haraam leave harming the neighbour. You should be calm and collected the day of your fast. Don’t make the day you fast the same as the day as you don’t”.

Qiyam (Praying at Night)

To receive the desired result from Salaah at‐Tarawih it should be performed calmly with humility and without haste. Two Rakaah with humbleness and concentration are better than twenty quick ones. Quality of the Salaah is more important than quantity. The Prophet prayed long at night. When he read the Qur’an in the Salaah he reflected on the meanings. The Sahabah followed the same example. They didn’t race to finish one Juzz in twenty Rakaah. What is important is that the Qur’an is read in a manner that the listener can follow and take heed.

Ihsaan (Generosity and Kindness)

Since this is the month of mercy, Allah ʹazza wa jall has mercy on those servants who are merciful to others. The Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam was the most generous of people. He was most generous in Ramadhaan. This is a chance to be grateful for what Allah has given us by giving to others in need. Sadaqah and Zakah are means of strengthening the ties amongst Muslims. They provide a way for the more fortunate to show the less fortunate that their suffering is felt. Fasting should remind us of the hunger of those who are constantly fasting not by choice but by necessity.

One of the Salaf was asked why fasting was enjoined. He replied so that the wealthy may taste
hunger and not forget the poor.

Fasting, Praying, feeding other deeds will help us to enter Jannah.

The Prophet sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam said, “In Jannah there are rooms, the inside can be seen from the outside and the outside from the inside”. They asked, “Who are they for?” He answered, “For one who speaks good words, feeds others, fasts regularly and prays at night while people are asleep”. (at‐Tirmidhi, Ahmad)

Qur’an

Ramadhaan is the month of Qur’an. Muslims should use this month to get acquainted with the Book of Allah ʹazza wa jall. If Muslims held onto the Qur’an and followed it they would not be in this state of weakness and humiliation. The Qur’an is a book of guidance, a manual for life not just for Ramadhaan. The practice of the Prophet was to read the whole of the Qur’an in Ramadhaan. Many of the Salaf read it many more times than this. Some of them left other acts of Ibadah for reading the Qur’an showing the importance they gave to it. Reading it is not simply for barakah but for the message it conveys.

Let us remember that this Ramadhaan if we change ourselves for the better Allah will change our condition for the better. Allah ʹazza wa jall does not change the condition of a people until they change themselves.

We ask Allah to praise and grant peace upon the Messenger sallAllahu `alayhi wa sallam, his family and followers.

Ustadh Abu Talha

Ustadh Abu Talha graduated from Madinah Islamic University (K.S.A) with a BA Hons in Shariʹah and
specialises in the field of Fiqh and Aqeedah. The Ustadh has studied under the Scholars of the Prophet’s
Masjid and is currently a teacher at the Tayyibun Institute UK.


Author's note: Tayyibun Institute UK for the teachings of Qur’an & Sunnah (www.tayyibun.com), http://www.kalamullah.com/Books/Ramadhaan.pdf
Keywords: Ramadhaan, The Month of Barakah , ramadaan, fasting, islam, Allah, self-restraint, mulims, siam, sacrifice, prayer, month, Series on Ramadan Preparation



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