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The History Of Valentine's Day

On February 14, Valentine was beheaded, not only because he was a Christian, but also because he had performed a miracle.

Tina S
Tina S
Feb 11, 2010
10 Comments | 1583 Views | 0 Hits



It is not exactly known why the 14th of February is known as Valentine's Day or if the noble Valentine really had any relation to this day.
 
The history of Valentine's Day is impossible to be obtained from any archive and the veil of centuries gone by has made the origin behind this day more difficult to trace. It is only some legends that are our source for the history of Valentine's Day.

Some say the day is named after a bishop named Valentine, who was stationed in the Roman Empire. Claudius II was the Emperor at that time. He thought that unmarried men made better soldiers, so he decided to make it a law that young men could not marry. Around 270 A.D., Valentine took pity on the ostracized soldiers who were not permitted to marry or see their sweethearts.

He became an advocate of these young lovers and began to perform secret marriages. He was soon found out and jailed.

While Valentine was in prison awaiting his fate, he befriended his jailer, Asterius, who had a blind daughter. Asterius' daughter befriended the kind priest by bringing food and messages to him. Valentine fell in love with the jailer's daughter. Asterius requested that he heal his daughter. Through his faith he miraculously restored the sight of Asterius' daughter and converted the two of them to Christianity.

After some time in prison the priest was ordered to appear before the Emperor. The emperor, impressed with the young priest's dignity and conviction, first tried to convert him to paganism to save him from certain execution. But Valentine reversed the strategy, trying instead to convert Claudius. He failed. Just before his execution, he asked for pen and paper from his jailor, and signed a farewell message to the jailer's daughter and signed it, "From Your Valentine." He was stoned and beheaded on February 24, 270 AD.

After his death, Valentine then became what is known as a “Patron Saint.” Thus 14th February became a day for all lovers and Valentine became its Patron Saint. It began to be annually observed by young Romans who offered handwritten greetings of affection, known as Valentines, on this day to the women they admired. With the coming of Christianity, the day came to be known as St. Valentine's Day.

While some believe that Valentine's Day is celebrated in the middle of February to commemorate the anniversary of Valentine's death or burial — which probably occurred around 270 A.D — others claim that the Christian church may have decided to celebrate Valentine's feast day in the middle of February in an effort to 'christianize' celebrations of the pagan Lupercalia festival. In ancient Rome, February was the official beginning of spring and was considered a time for purification. Houses were ritually cleansed by sweeping them out and then sprinkling salt and a type of wheat called spelt throughout their interiors. Lupercalia, which began at the ides of February, February 15, was a fertility festival dedicated to Faunus, the Roman god of agriculture, as well as to the Roman founders Romulus and Remus.
Today, Valentine's Day is one of the major holidays in the U.S. and has become a booming commercial success.

According to the Greeting Card Association, 25% of all cards sent each year are "valentine"s. The "valentines", as Valentine's Day cards are better known as, are often designed with hearts to symbolize love. The Valentine's Day card spread with Christianity, and is now celebrated all over the world.

The greetings eventually acquired the St. Valentine's name. One of the earliest cards was sent in 1415 by Charles, Duke of Orleans to his wife. He was imprisoned in the Tower of London at the time. The card is now preserved in the British Museum.

Traditions:
 
Hundreds of years ago in England, many children dressed up as adults on Valentine's Day. They went singing from home to home. One verse they sang was:

Good morning to you, valentine;
Curl your locks as I do mine ---
Two before and three behind.
Good morning to you, valentine.

In Wales wooden love spoons were carved and given as gifts on February 14th. Hearts, keys and keyholes were favourite decorations on the spoons. The decoration meant, "You unlock my heart!"
Some people used to believe that if a woman saw a robin flying overhead on Valentine's Day, it meant she would marry a sailor. If she saw a sparrow, she would marry a poor man and be very happy. If she saw a goldfinch, she would marry a millionaire.



Keywords: The History Of Valentine's Day,14 February,Tower,London,Christianity,greetings,1415,270 A. D.,Asterious,love,Claudius II,bishop,St. Valentine,British museum.


Comments on this article


Zakir, Hossain , ConveyLive.com, Photos, Picture, Album

Zakir Hossain : Nice article you have here, it's nice to read, but I have a few questions. It is previously said in the article that the guy was in love and married to his lover for which he was jailed, right? Then why did he fall in love with another girl, the blind one while he was being in jail? Is it a great virtue of a great lover to act like that? Moreover he wrote the later to the other girl, not to the girl he was married before. And my second question is, you wrote in your subtitle that he was killed because he was a christian, but in the whole article I couldn't find anything where his convicted to be a christian, why so? Of course, if he changes his view from loving too many girls and agree to the emperor then he could have avoided the execution, because he was accused for not agreeing with the emperor in the first place, so if he agrees with the emperor with the religious and ideological matters then he should be able to avoid any punishment, that doesn't indicate that he was killed because he was a christian. Could you explain these?

Feb 11, 2010 at 12:58 PM, Thursday  

Tina, S , ConveyLive.com, Photos, Picture, Album

Tina S : You read but not carefully. I didn't write that Valentine married before, where did you find this? Read 3rd para "He became an advocate of these young lovers and began to perform secret marriages." That's why he caught to the jail. And in that jail he fallen love with jailer's daughter. No, its not great virtue to fall in love more than one girl. Today many boys are doing this. But he didn't do this, no one should not do this..if he is a human. Hope you got your 1st answer. Once you had a status of Sherlok Holmes that "You see not do not observe", now it works on you. Read carefully from the 4th para, the Emperor tried him to convert him to Paganism(Claudius). But Valentine was a Christian, He didn't worship that Emperor instead of God, so the Emperor was failed and could not save Valentine from death. Hope you got your 2nd answer also.

Feb 12, 2010 at 12:09 AM, Friday  

Tina, S , ConveyLive.com, Photos, Picture, Album

Tina S : You read but not carefully. I didn't write that Valentine married before, where did you find this? Read 3rd para "He became an advocate of these young lovers and began to perform secret marriages." That's why he caught to the jail. And in that jail he fallen love with jailer's daughter. No, its not great virtue to fall in love more than one girl. Today many boys are doing this. But he didn't do this, no one should not do this..if he is a human. Hope you got your 1st answer. Once you had a status of Sherlok Holmes that "You see not do not observe", now it works on you. Read carefully from the 4th para, the Emperor tried him to convert him to Paganism(Claudius). But Valentine was a Christian, He didn't worship that Emperor instead of God, so the Emperor was failed and could not save Valentine from death. Hope you got your 2nd answer also.

Feb 12, 2010 at 12:09 AM, Friday  

Tina, S , ConveyLive.com, Photos, Picture, Album

Tina S : You read but not carefully. I didn't write that Valentine married before, where did you find this? Read 3rd para "He became an advocate of these young lovers and began to perform secret marriages." That's why he caught to the jail. And in that jail he fallen love with jailer's daughter. No, its not great virtue to fall in love more than one girl. Today many boys are doing this. But he didn't do this, no one should not do this..if he is a human. Hope you got your 1st answer. Once you had a status of Sherlok Holmes that "You see not do not observe", now it works on you. Read carefully from the 4th para, the Emperor tried him to convert him to Paganism(Claudius). But Valentine was a Christian, He didn't worship that Emperor instead of God, so the Emperor was failed and could not save Valentine from death. Hope you got your 2nd answer also.

Feb 12, 2010 at 12:10 AM, Friday  

Tina, S , ConveyLive.com, Photos, Picture, Album

Tina S : You read but not carefully. I didn't write that Valentine married before, where did you find this? Read 3rd para "He became an advocate of these young lovers and began to perform secret marriages." That's why he caught to the jail. And in that jail he fallen love with jailer's daughter. No, its not great virtue to fall in love more than one girl. Today many boys are doing this. But he didn't do this, no one should not do this..if he is a human. Hope you got your 1st answer. Once you had a status of Sherlok Holmes that "You see not do not observe", now it works on you. Read carefully from the 4th para, the Emperor tried him to convert him to Paganism(Claudius). But Valentine was a Christian, He didn't worship that Emperor instead of God, so the Emperor was failed and could not save Valentine from death. Hope you got your 2nd answer also.

Feb 12, 2010 at 12:11 AM, Friday  

Tina, S , ConveyLive.com, Photos, Picture, Album

Tina S : You read but not carefully. I didn't write that Valentine married before, where did you find this? Read 3rd para "He became an advocate of these young lovers and began to perform secret marriages." That's why he caught to the jail. And in that jail he fallen love with jailer's daughter. No, its not great virtue to fall in love more than one girl. Today many boys are doing this. But he didn't do this, no one should not do this..if he is a human. Hope you got your 1st answer. Once you had a status of Sherlok Holmes that "You see, but do not observe", now it works on you. Read carefully from the 4th para, the Emperor tried him to convert him to Paganism(Claudius). But Valentine was a Christian, He didn't worship that Emperor instead of God, so the Emperor was failed and could not save Valentine from death. Hope you got your 2nd answer also. ?

Feb 12, 2010 at 12:16 AM, Friday  

Zakir, Hossain , ConveyLive.com, Photos, Picture, Album

Zakir Hossain : Well, in my little knowledge of English I couldn't help but to translate "perform secret marriages" into "getting married in secret"; what other meaning could it have? Could you enlighten me? Also, I mentioned about the second part too, I said that since the accusation against the guy was violating philosophical and religious charges, so it is natural that he would be asked to change his view towards what they believe to be wrong and agree in believe to what they believe; which means paganism. Let me even clarify more, suppose a thief get arrested for stealing something, in the court of law it is natural the he would be asked to change his view towards stealing and get corrected and agree with the judges that stealing is wrong, right? It is natural for the court to offer that. But if the thief doesn't agree and if the thief is executed then it doesn't mean that he was executed because he didn't change his religious view, it's because he didn't agree to stop stealing. Just like that valentine was punished because he didn't stopped doing adultery or fornication, not because of the religious reasons.

Feb 12, 2010 at 10:40 AM, Friday  

Tina, S , ConveyLive.com, Photos, Picture, Album

Tina S : I am sorry if I made mistakes. I have very few knowledge of English so I might make mistakes. Actually fact is that, the Roman Empire. Claudius II thought that unmarried men made better soldiers, so he decided to make it a law that young men could not marry. Around 270 A.D., Bishop Valentine took pity on the ostracized soldiers who were not permitted to marry or see their sweethearts. He became an advocate of these young lovers and began to perform secret marriages. He was soon found out and jailed. But Claudius was pleased with the behavior of Valentine so he tried to save Valentine. But he failed. If I made mistakes then please correct it. You are most welcome.

Feb 13, 2010 at 01:29 AM, Saturday  

Zakir, Hossain , ConveyLive.com, Photos, Picture, Album

Zakir Hossain : Thanks for your clarification, that's what I was trying to know. So it is clear now that Bishop Valentine was a Bishop who preached against the pagan teaching and encouraged the young soldiers to get married, and fell in love with another girl later on; and because of his preaching against the government law he was executed. Neither had he married too many girls, nor he was executed for religious reasons, right?

Feb 13, 2010 at 08:36 PM, Saturday  

Tina, S , ConveyLive.com, Photos, Picture, Album

Tina S : You are right but Bishop Valentine was not actually encouraged the young soldiers to get married, he just felt sad for them as they didn't meet their lovers and couldn't marry them. Where did you find that he fell in love more than one girl? I didn't mean this.He fell in love only one girl when he was in the jail. And yes, he was executed not for any religious cause.

Feb 14, 2010 at 02:40 AM, Sunday  

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