Women Education System In Bangladesh : Part 2

The education system of women in Bangladesh.

Tina S
Tina S
Dec 28, 2009
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Steps taken by Govt.

  1. Emphasis has been given on reducing disparity between male and female in education sector. In order to expand women's education, nurture empowerment and ensure women's participation in development activities, female students have been provided stipends in secondary schools in 460 rural upazillas.
  2. Stipend programs have been able to play a landmark role in reducing dropout and increasing enrollment in secondary education. As an outcome of stipend program the rate of teenage marriage has decreased rapidly.
  3. In order to empower women in education sector, different development projects are being implemented, such as, Female Secondary Stipend Project, Female Secondary School Assistance Project (2nd phase), and Establishment of 3 Mohila Polytechnic Institutes at 3 Divisional Headquarters. EU assisted Program to Motivate, Train, and Employ Female Teachers in Rural Secondary schools (PROMOTE).
  4. Poor students, especially female ones are being benefited more from the projects. Their participation in schools has increased satisfactorily. This is really expected because they are more neglected in their family. The stipend projects are helping in assuaging the burden of the poor parents in carrying out educational costs.
  5. On the other hand, PROMOTE project has brought opportunities for the unemployed women to have teachers training in rural areas and to get employment in rural schools. This project is working with the objective of employing 1000 women in rural secondary schools. With this end in view, several female hostels have been made in District and in Thana levels to provide accommodation to the female trainees. This project will offer 839 scholarships as well. This initiative has created inspiration among the female trainees, who are looking for teacher ship.

Steps taken by NGOs, International and Organizations etc:

1. BRAC:

This tremendous improvement of female education is largely due to an organization called BRAC (Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee) which introduced its Non-Formal Primary Education Program (NFPE) in 1985.

This program emphasized mainly on the education of girls in rural areas giving them the opportunity to attain higher levels of education by providing flexible learning hours and scholarships depending on educational performances. The program started with 22 experimental schools. Today, the number of schools surpasses 34,000, catering over 1.1 million students where 70 percent of them are girls.

BRAC teachers are chosen among the most educated the village. Teachers must have at least nine years of schooling to be employed. Presently, 97 percent of all teachers are women. Each year, almost 90 per cent of the students who graduate from the BRAC schools go on to the formal schools in higher classes.

Additionally, BRAC has also undertaken projects to provide villages with libraries and community centers. The organization offers all this to villagers with funds from foreign countries and by collecting minimal fees from the students to supply them with books and other materials.

2. UNICEF Bangladesh:

To fulfill its mandate for girls’ education in Bangladesh, a number of strategies will be employed by UNICEF to meet both its programmatic objectives as well as to contribute to the fulfillment of the girls’ education goals in Bangladesh by 2005 and 2015. The key strategies:

  1.      Promoting girls’ education and empowerment in national policies
  2.      Networking and building alliances and partnerships  
  3.      Promotion of multi-dimensional and cross-sectoral approaches  
  4.      Support to formal and nonformal channels
  5.      Promotion of girls’ education at every stage of the life cycle
  6.      Promotion of girls’ participation and empowerment
  7.      Inclusion of boys
  8.      Monitoring of progress

To meet these objectives the Child Development and Education (CDE) Section had three projects as part of the current Country Programme.  The Early Childhood Development (ECD) Project was introduced in this Country Programme and works with the government and NGO partners to promote the cognitive, emotional and social development of the young child.  The Intensive District Approach to Education for All (IDEAL) Project has covered 36 of the 64 districts of Bangladesh.  In-service teachers’ training on child centered active learning methods and the promotion of community participation in schools are cornerstones of the project.

3. Grameen Bank:

Grameen Bank in recent years has not only expanded its credit operations which are targeted at the poorest of the poor in rural Bangladesh, it has also rapidly diversified its activities. Grameen today is the focal point of a global network of institutions and individuals who provide micro-credit to fight poverty. Within Bangladesh, the Bank has undertaken major investment initiatives in those sectors where the poor have the comparative advantage in terms of their skills, enterprise and productive capacity.
A number of social development oriented companies have been established under the Companies' Law to boost economic growth of vital economic sectors like agriculture, fisheries and rural industries. Through they are providing necessary advice and tasks to poor and rural women to develop their selves.

4. World Vision Bangladesh:

This is a world wide NGO which enable the society to become free from the curse of illiteracy. Emphasis is given of education (formal, non-formal, functional and vocational) focus on the needs of the children. Build capacity of the community so that they can manage primary education and increasingly support the vocational and selective higher education for their children.
They are providing University Girls Scholarship for higher education of university level girls. They are also providing various training and workshop programme for development of girls for working sector.


  1. Give opportunity to raise voice.
  2. The Govt. should build various work sources so that the women can work for their higher education.
  3. Take actions to consolidate a sector-wide system for public expenditure tracking survey in education
  4. Prepare and execute an action plan for the completion of secondary curriculum revision and implementation of revised curriculum
  5. Establish an independent accreditation mechanism for private universities,
  6. Create widely the strategic plan for higher education for women
  7. Establish quality assurance mechanism for public and private colleges and universities
  8. Govt. can give Quota system in public universities of Bangladesh for women.
  9. Take strong steps to stop marriage against women’s will.



In conclusion, it must be duly noted that Bangladesh is still one of the poorest countries of the world. However, it has come a long way from being the "International Basket Case". Faced with insurmountable odds, the people of the nation have learned to cope with annual natural disasters. Today, Bangladesh might be poor but the people are proud of their achievement and tenacity towards success.



Author's note: Another part of this article is available on this following URL:
Keywords: women, education, women education, bangladesh, development, women, girls, development of girls

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